Everyone feels sad or “down” at one time or another. But when these feelings stretch on for extended periods of time, or start to interfere with your life, it could be a sign of depression.
Symptoms of Depression
In addition to feelings of sadness or depressed mood, you may have depression if you have any of these symptoms:
There are a few different types of depression.
Major Depressive Disorder
The criteria for a diagnosis of Major Depressive Disorder are;
If you are coping with depression, (MDD) you may have low mood levels, and may feel sad, although your life continues at a constant rhythm or pattern.
Minor Depressive Disorder (Dysthymic)
You may have minor depressive disorder if your symptoms are less severe, but they have still persisted for an extended period of time.
If you feel like you go through periods of time where you are depressed/irritable and then feel good. You may have bipolar disorder. There are many types of bipolar disorder, but the main indicator is mood swings that cause your relationships, work or school to suffer.
Depressive Disorder not otherwise specified
If you have anxiety or depressive symptoms, but do not “fit” into the other categories, you may be diagnosed with Depressive Disorder not otherwise specified. Fortunately, there is help available.
You don’t have to struggle alone – we can help with many different treatments for depression. We will work with you to find the treatment that you are comfortable with, that works for you.
Here are a few ways that we have helped our clients cope with depression:
Help for Depression - Psychotherapy
Psychotherapy is a general term that refers to the therapeutic treatment by a trained professional, given to a client or patient. There are many types of psychotherapy, and many professionals trained in various psychotherapeutic practices. The kind of therapy conducted is dependant on the needs of the individual client, as well as the training of the psychotherapist.
Help for Depression - Cognitive Therapy
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is psychotherapy based on the thoughts, assumptions, and beliefs we have about ourselves and the world. By working with a psychotherapist trained in CBT, you can learn to shift your perceptions, and in turn, influence your negative emotions. Therapeutic techniques used in CBT can include keeping a journal of significant events and your associated feelings and thoughts, as well as questioning beliefs that may be harming your sense of self. CBT focuses on solutions to destructive behaviour, and encourages you to challenge the ways you have always thought, so that you may learn new, healthy ways of thinking, feeling and acting.
Help for Depression - Interpersonal Therapy (Behavioural Therapy)
IPT is a short-term psychotherapy in which the therapist works with you to identify issues and problems in your interpersonal relationships. The therapist also explores your life history to help recognize problem areas and then work toward ways to rectify them.
Help for Depression - Antidepressant Drugs
Psychotherapy alone is often effective if you are experiencing a short bout of depression, usually brought on by a significant life change. However, antidepressant drugs are often utilized if depression is severe, or ongoing. These drugs are most effective when taken in combination with psychotherapeutic treatment. There are many kinds of antidepressants, varying in their chemical composition, but in general, they work by restoring the chemical balance of the brain.
You are not alone. If you or a loved one is struggling with sadness and other symptoms, you should seek counselling help for depression. It is important to find a therapist with whom you feel safe. Dalton Associates has over 250 Associates to choose from. You can easily browse our therapist profiles to find the right therapist for you.
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